# 18

## By Rhiannonw

- 1320 reads

In Welsh the word for 18 is ‘two-nines’ *(deunaw)*

in the Breton language it is ‘three-sixes’ *(triwec’h)*

There are 18 holes on a golf course.

In the UK coming of age

is celebrated when you are 18.

18 months is a year and a half.

The telegraph and a printing calculator

(and Morse Code)

were invented in the 19th century

that is the years starting 18 _ _

helping to prepare for the development of

the internet in the next century.

**17**

A haiku poem has 17 syllables,

line 1 has 5 ayllables,

line 2 has 7 syllables

and line 3 has 5 syllables.

[Haiku example:

*Winter life withdrawn,
safely shielded from the cold
roots, seeds store, twigs sealed*.]

17 is the sum of the first four prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7

You can start taking driving lessons when you are 17.

**16**

Caterpillars seem to have 16 legs,

but only 6 are ‘true legs’

like all insects -

the rest are called prolegs and are simpler

but help their long body grip and creep along the leaf.

The sum of the first four odd numbers (1, 3, 5, 7) is 16..

In the years of the 17th century, which are the years starting 16__

Isaac Newton worked out important Laws of motion, and

telescope and microscopes were invented and bacteria discovered

**15**

There are 15 players in a rugby team.

15 is 3 lots of 5, or 10 with another 5 –

like if we had 3 hands we’d have 15 fingers!

The Magna Carta, setting out many lawful rights of people

was signed on June 15 in the year 1215 (a very long time ago!)

If you add the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 it comes to 15.

**14**

A sonnet is a poem with 14 lines

and special line length and stress and rhymes.

In this country we still talk of our weight

as so many stones and pounds.

One ‘stone’ is 14 pounds

The moon seems to get bigger for 14 days,

and then it gets smaller again for the next 14 days.

**13**

There is a lot of silly talk about 13 being an ‘unlucky’ number.

When people talk like that,

they keep noticing anything bad that happens on that day

so their fears and worries get set

and they may begin to expect trouble

on the 13 day of the month,

or if staying in a house number 13.

Maybe it is because it comes after

the useful number 12.

A baker’s dozen is 13.

If some of a baker’s rolls came out

a bit smaller than others,

he could get into trouble,

so to be sure he’d given

a good amount for the price

he would often add another,

so give 13 when paid for 12.

There are 52 weeks in the year,

and as there are 4 seasons,

you could say that there are

13 weeks of spring, 13 of summer,

13 of autumn, and 13 weeks of winter

(4 lots of 13 add up to …).

**12**

A clock with 12 numbers on it is called an Analogue clock.

12 hours from midnight until lunchtime, and

then 12 hours til midnight again .

We used to have money as

12 pennies to one shilling.

Eggs and other food is often

sold in cartons or bags of 12

– we say ‘by the dozen’

or half a dozen which is 6..

Jesus taught 12 special disciples

and then sent out 12 with the message

to all the world

of his rising from death

to be our Saviour.

**11**

11: the number of players in football

or cricket teams.

Canada’s flag has a red maple leaf,

with 11 points on it

(maple leaves aren’t all exactly like that!)

Apollo 11 was the first manned spacecraft

to land on the moon

People sometimes say that it is the 11th hour for doing something –

they mean it is urgent, thinking of the 12 hours shown on clocks.

WW1 ended at 11 o’clock in the morning

on the 11 day of the 11th month (November).

Rockets need to travel at just over 11 km per second

to escape the gravity of the earth.

**10**

Two figures represent 10.

The crab that walks

sideways seems to have 10 legs

5 on each side, and so

belong to the Decapod group of animals

(deca is from the Greek language for 10)

but their front 2 ‘legs’ are really claws.

God gave us 10 big laws

to show us the meaning of love.

No,10 Downing Street in London

is where the Prime Minister has his home

above his offices

**9**

9 is the last of the ‘simple’ numbers!

We used to say that there were 9 planets

in our solar system,

but now, as he’s so small,

they don’t count Pluto

(say he’s just one of the little dwarf planets),

so that there are

only 8 in all

(take one off 9 leaves 8!)

We ring 9, then 9 again, and 9 once more

on a phone if there is a

serious emergency

to fetch Police, Ambulance or Fire Engine

with urgency.

3 blue smarties, 3 red,

and 3 yellow - makes 9!

**8**

8 legs on a spider

– 4 on each side

(4 and 4 makes 8);

8 tentacles on an octopus

(like arms)

An octagon is a flat shape

with 8 straight sides

‘octo’ comes from the Latin and Greek language words for 8.

October isn’t the 8th month of the year now,

but in the old Roman calendar

the year started in March,

and so it was.

**7**

7 days in every week –

the first day is Sunday,

then five school days,

followed by Saturday:

5 and 2 makes 7.

There are 7 colours in the rainbow:

red orange, yellow green blue indigo and violet;

7 white keys in the musical scale.:

C D E F G A B

or do, re, me fa, soh, lah, te.

**6**

6 sides (including top and bottom)

to cubes and bricks.

And every insect has 6

legs,

Collect 3 pegs and 3 pegs,

or 1 with 5,

or 4 with 2

to get 6 pegs in three different ways,

and the world was made in

6 creation days.

**5**

5 days for school –

Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday,

and then Thursday, Friday;

5 fingers on each hand

(though one is called a thumb)

5 petals on a buttercup

3 sweets with another 2

makes 5 sweets altogether.

**4**

4 sides to a square,

4 wheels on a car,

4 legs on a chair:

2 books, and 2 more

makes 4.

**3**

3 leaflets on a clover leaf,

a tricycle has 3 wheels –

1, 2, 3

and every day there’s 3 main meals -

breakfast, lunch and dinner or tea.

**2**

2 hands to play

2 feet to take you on your way

2 eyes to watch

your feet don’t trip or slip or stray.

**1**

One mouth to guard,

one tongue to keep in check

as I talk;

one nose

that goes

in front

as I walk

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## Comments

### This has just got better and

This has just got better and better as the numerical value increases : most interesting !!!

hilary

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### That's interesting about

That's interesting about Welsh and Breton ways of putting it. English language seems more complicated than others in lots of ways, but counting seems simpler? Though I suppose it's what you are using the numbers for that decides how you call them?

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### It is very interesting what you tell

It is very interesting what you tell of the Welsh and Breton languages, I assume there are some rules for the numbers' names? As in older Engish "four score years and ten" if you're lucky etc.

Keep well! Tom

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### And further for English

And further for English what about a dozen or a gross? Just some ideas.

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### Such a wonderful array of

Such a wonderful array of facts. I keep meaning to look up the definition of a haiku and now there's no need. And very interesting thoughts about the number 13. These are such a pleasure to read, Rhiannon. Paul

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